oppn parties The Mystery Behind 4 Million Jobs In 8 Months

News Snippets

  • Delhi Additional district judge Nikhil Chopra says there is no legal right for people seeking to worship deity inside Qutab Minar, says it survived 800 years without worship so "let it survive like that"
  • Punjab chief minister Bhagwant Mann sacks state health minister Vijay Singla over corruption charges. Singla was later arrested by the ACB
  • Protestors burn the house of Andhra minister P Viswaroop and MLA Satish Kumar over renaming of Konaseema district as B R Amberdkar Konaseema
  • Gyanvapi: Varanasi district judge decides to first hear the 'maintainability' plea filed by mosque management
  • Delhivery and Venus Pipes shares list at premium of 10% and 8.7% respectively even when market sentiment was down
  • In a bid to cool edible oil prices, Centre allows duty-free imports of 20 lakh tonnes each of crude sunflower oil and crude palm oil per annum this year and next
  • Centre caps sugar exports to ensure availability of stocks in the domestic markets to cool prices
  • Stock markets get the jitters as RBI signals rate hike and government moves in to control inflation: Sensex tumbles by 236 points to 54052 and Nifty goes down by 89 points to 16125
  • IPL: Lucknow Super Giants to meet Royal Challengers Bangalore in the first Eliminator today. Winners to take on Rajasthan Royals for a place in the finals
  • IPL: Sensational David Miller blasts three sixes off the first three deliveries of the last over to help Gujarat Titans beat Rajasthan Royals by 7 wickets and enter their maiden IPL final in their debut year
  • While joining US-led IPEF, PM Modi says it will bring "peace and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region"
  • Mamata Banerjee says Bengal government will not lower VAT as the excise cut by the Centre will already reduce state's revenue by Rs 641 cr
  • Mamata Banerjee says Central agencies must be made autonomous to save democracy
  • While commuting the death sentence of 2 men and 1 woman, the Supreme Court says convict's conduct before and after crime is vital for death penalty
  • Health minister Mansukh Mandaviya slams the Covid death report of WHO at the 75th session of World Health Assembly in Geneva
US President Joe Biden says India-US ties to be among "closest on earth" //////// China and Russia send bombers near Japan even as Quad leaders were holding meetings there /////// Gujarat Titans enter IPL finals in style, beat Rajasthan Royals by 7 wickets
oppn parties
The Mystery Behind 4 Million Jobs In 8 Months

By Sunil Garodia
First publised on 2018-06-27 13:44:26

About the Author

Sunil Garodia Editor-in-Chief of indiacommentary.com. Current Affairs analyst and political commentator.
People are not finding jobs. Several ruling party politicians have even advised the youth to sell pakoras instead, although selling tea would be a better option for then one can dream of being the prime minister one day. Jokes apart, even as the nation faces an army of unemployed, the Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) has reported, citing figures available with it, that more than 4 million jobs were created in the formal sector in the during September 2017 to April 2018. That translates to nearly 17000 jobs every day. So who is getting these jobs? What is the mystery behind a rush of enrolments in EPFO and the ground reality of jobless youth?

The BJP had taken to advertising this fact in a campaign (see the lead picture). But is this true? Are so many jobs being created or is it just that companies are shifting those they had employed informally to the formal sector to reduce profits? Is this post-GST data released by the EPFO believable as a standalone data or should it be compared with data in similar periods in the past? Clearly, more detailed study is needed to establish if new jobs were added or there was just a shift of those employed informally to the formal sector.

The Economic Times (ET) has unraveled the mystery in an excellent editorial. It so transpires that businesses in the formal sector were underreporting employee heads and outlays on salaries and wages. But ever since GST came into force, businesses find that artificial and common ways of reducing profits shown in the balance sheet have vanished. Hence they are bringing more and more workers on the rolls. This is a very plausible theory to explain the mystery.

Another big issue is that generation of the so-called black money has also diminished. Previously, businesses used to take purchase bills of sundry items from the market to reduce profits. The amount paid by cheque to the biller was returned in cash, after deducting the agreed “commission.” After GST, it is becoming increasingly difficult for big businesses to procure false bills. This has dried up their source of generating unaccounted cash.

As the ET has explained, this is a boon for workers as they will now be formally employed and enjoy all the benefits of the social security system in place, like minimum wages, fixed working hours, holidays, PF and ESI. It will also benefit trade unions and NGOs monitoring Indian exporters for fair labour practices. This is one more happy spin-off of GST that will benefit the economy.

read the ET editorial here