oppn parties Job Quota For Locals: Andhra Pradesh Takes Parochialism To Newer Heights

News Snippets

  • India's sovereign green bonds were oversubscribed four times as the RBI received 266 bids worth Rs 32892cr agaisnt the target of Rs 8000cr
  • Google tweaks its Android and India app store policy to allow manufacturers and users to choose certain things instead of compulsorily using Google apps after the CCI order and fine for unfairly dominating the market
  • Former US secretary of state calls former Indian external affairs minister Sushma Swaraj a "goofback" and a "hinterland political hack". MEA S Jaishankar slams him
  • Jamia screening of BBC documentary on Gujarat riots cancelled after the university was turned into a fortress and later 13 students were detained by the police
  • Supreme Court grants conditional interim bail for eight weeks to Lakhimpur Kheri accused Ashish Mishra. The bail can be further extended based on his conduct. He was asked to stay outside Delhi-NCR and UP and surrender his passport
  • After the JNU administration tried to thwart the students from screening the BBC documentary on the Gujarat riots and PM Modi, now students of Presidency and Jadavpur universities in Kolkata have decided to screen it 5 times next week
  • While a US research frim Hindenburg says its analysis found the Adani group overleveraged and claimed that its bubble will burst very soon and that sent the price of group companies crashing (Adani companies lost a combined Rs 55000cr), Adani group said the report was 'baseless' and 'malicious'
  • This time Enforcement Directorate arrests TMC spokesperson Saket Gokhale under PMLA for money laundering
  • Padma awards announced on Republic Day: Mulayam Singh Yadav, architect Balkrishna Doshi and ORS pioneer Dilip Mahalanobis get Padma Bibhushan posthumously, Padma Bhushan ius awarded to Kumar Mangalam Birla and 8 others and 91 get Padma Shri
  • Stocks fall big time on Wednesday on F&O expiry, finalncial and banks take big hit: Sensex tumbles 773 points to 60205 and Nifty 226 points to 17892 even as the market volatility meter shoots up by 8.51%
  • World Cup hockey: Germany stun England 4-3 to reach semifinals; Netherlands beat Korea 5-1 to enter last four
  • Australian Open: Sania Mirza and Rohan Bopanna reach the finals
  • Suryakumar Yadav is named ICC Cricketer of the Year 2022 and Renuka Singh gets the ICC Emerging Cricketer of the Year 2022 award
  • BCCI gets a whopping Rs 4670cr in the auctions for the 5 teams in WIPL or as it will be known now, WPL. Adani Sportline gets Ahmedabad for Rs 1289cr while Mumbai Indians get Mumbai for 913cr
  • Calcutta HC overturns the hookah bar ban in Kolkata by saying that it is not an illegal trade
India Commentary Wishes A Happy Republic Day To All Its Readers /////// India Commentary Wishes A Happy Basant Panchami And Saraswati Puja To All Its Readers
oppn parties
Job Quota For Locals: Andhra Pradesh Takes Parochialism To Newer Heights

By Sunil Garodia

About the Author

Sunil Garodia Editor-in-Chief of indiacommentary.com. Current Affairs analyst and political commentator.

Andhra Pradesh became the first state in India to reserve 75 percent of jobs for locals in all private industrial units and factories, even if the units have taken no concessions from the state government. If the job advertised does not receive applications from locals due to the absence of skills required, units will be required to train locals along with the state government and then hire them.

                                                    

This is clearly against the Constitution which guarantees equality of status and opportunity for all and prohibits discrimination of any kind, including on the basis of place of birth. It also goes against the order of the Supreme Court which capped reservations at 50%. But populist politicians care a hoot about the laws. They just want to build vote banks. Before Jagan Reddy, even Kamal Nath had proposed to reserve 70% jobs for locals in Madhya Pradesh. Some states already have a policy of reserving jobs for locals if units seek subsidies and tax breaks from the state government, with Maharashtra prescribing a high of 80% for such units. Gujarat introduced 85% reservation for locals in both public and private sectors as far back as 1995 but it was never enforced as no locals with the relevant skill sets were available for working in the ceramic, construction, textile, diamond and services sector.

The Andhra Pradesh government should realize that there are many jobs that locals do not prefer to do due to many reasons, mainly because they consider it below their status or they feel the pay is not good. Further, the time and effort spent in training locals for a particular job, if others job seekers with relevant skill sets are readily available, would make Andhra industry uncompetitive. Also, once jobs are reserved for locals in Andhra, there will be widespread resentment in the rest of the country if people of the state apply for jobs in other states. The gains of such a reservation will be far less than the harm it will cause.

 

Populist politicians like Jagan Reddy must acknowledge that the free market is the best leveler. If jobs are there and if locals have the skill sets, industries will always prefer to hire them as it brings many benefits in the long run. If industries are set up in a state, there cannot be a vacuum in the job market. Labour contractors bring in migrants only if locals are either not available or not willing to do the job. Hence, there are many issues that need to be examined before reserving jobs for locals. India must not become a parochial society but must provide equal opportunity to all Indians irrespective of caste, community, race, gender, religion or place of birth.